Rome / Attractions / Victor Emmanuel II Monument

Victor Emmanuel II Monument Rome

Monumenta a Vittorio Emanuele II, Altare della Patria or Wedding Cake

Monumento a Vittorio Emanuele II

The Piazza Venezia square has the white and colossal monument of Vittorio Emanuele II, also known as the Altare della Patria (altar of the fatherland), the typewriter and the Wedding Cake building of Rome.

Info & Tickets Monumento a Vittorio Emanuele II

Address Piazza Venezia Rome
Metro Stop Colosseo (line B), then 1 kilometer by foot

The full ticket for the Panoramic Terrace of the Vittoriano is 12 euros and also allows entry to the Museum of the Risorgimento and the Museum of Palazzo Venezia. You can also book this ticket including a 25-minute Ancient Rome multimedia video.

Book your tickets
Opening hours
  • Elevator: Daily from 9:30 am to 7:30 pm
  • Museum: Daily from 9:30 am to 7:30 pm (last entry 6:00 pm)
  • Closed on January 1st and December 25th

'Altare della Patria’ or Wedding Cake in Rome

Next to the Piazzi Venezia square there is the remarkable white monument honouring Italy's first king Vittorio Emanuele II. Italians also call the Monument of Victor Emanuel II ‘Il Vittoriano’ and ‘Altare della Patria’, or altar of the fatherland. The monument commemorates the unification of Italy in 1861 and the first king of Italy, Victor Emmanuel II. Although this monument was built in his honour, he is not buried there. Instead, he is buried in the Pantheon.

The impressive building was built between 1895 and 1911 on top of Palatine Hill and was designed by Giuseppe Sacconi. The Altare della Patria contains a lot of white marble from the region of Brescia. Because of how large it is (135 metres wide and 70 metres high) the building was also given several nicknames, ranging from the wedding cake, the dentures, to the typewriter.

Monument Vittorio Emanuele IIVittorio Emanuele II Monument in Rome
Monumento a Vittorio Emanuele II RomeAltare della Patria or the Wedding Cake

Sights of the monument and Piazza Venezia

Some of the sights on and around the Victor Emmanuele monument are:

  • The large bronze horse-back statue of Victor Emmanuel II, centrally in front of the Altare della Patria monument. This statue was created by sculptor Enrico Chiaradia who worked on it for almost 20 years.
  • The top of the building has two statues of goddess Victoria on quadrigas on both the left and the right side.
  • To the left is the statue that celebrates Unity, created by Carlo Fontana. The statue to the right celebrates Freedom and was made by Paolo Bartolini.
  • The building contains several reliefs. These images portray important cities in Italy.
  • Under the statue of the goddess Roma is the ‘Tomb of the Unknown Soldier’, which can also be identified by the eternal flame and the two soldiers guarding it. This war monument, consisting of a tomb of an unknown soldier from the 1st World War, honours all unknown soldiers who perished in wars.
  • Museo del Risorgimento: this museum can be reached with the lift at the rear and tells the story of the unification of Italy. The museum is mostly aimed at Italian visitors.
  • The picturesque church Santa Maria in Ara Coeli lies behind the monument. The monument was built almost right up against this old church.
  • Visit the rooftop of Altare della Patria by lift (12 €) for a beautiful view of Rome. The lift can be reached via the café at the rear of the monument (more info and tickets).

Victor Emmanuel II Monument Tickets

the wedding cake romePiazza Venezia from Altare della Patria
victor emmanuel monumentThe church that lies behind the Victora Emmanuel monument

Where is the Victor Emmanuel Monument in Rome?

The monument of Altare della Patria is located between Piazza Venezia square and Capitoline Hill. Other places of interest that you will find near this monument are the Forum of Trajan with the large and very detailed column of Trajan. Next to this forum are Trajan's market and you can visit Domus Romane, the excavations of ancient Roman houses.

victor emmanuel monument
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